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Benefits of Air Stones and A little of its Drawbacks

Precisely how effective are those small bubbles which come out from air stones, or diffusers? A number of aquarists believe that they perform a crucial role inside the aquariums with regards to oxygenation and air diffusion of the water, and that this air source is sufficient. When it comes to the rise of DO (dissolved oxygen) in a fish tank, the water surface is one of the main sites where this exchange takes place. Oxygen is blended down into the water; carbon dioxide is released out to the air, not forgetting that other gases readily pass through the permeable surface of water at the same time. This is the principle which our bodies work on whenever we breathe; inhale good air and exhale bad air. It’s the same manner with the fish tank.

So, if the water surface area of your aquarium is where the primary exchange of gases occurs, then why use air stones and also have bubbles in the aquarium in any respect? For the reason that they do have their benefits.

  • They are widely used to drive various kinds of filters and equipment, for instance under gravel filters and a few sorts of protein skimmers.
  • Fish tanks that contain solid covers or close fitted hoods on top are prime candidates for stagnant air, low oxygen levels, and high levels of carbon dioxide. Nonetheless, for these types of set ups with an under gravel filter run by an air pump, the fresh air bubbles that come up through the uplift tubes help to get rid of these problems by provided superb oxygen along with other gas exchange opportunities. A power head works extremely well instead of the air pump and stones to work the under gravel filter, however, if the power head is not equipped with an aeration function, or this characteristic is not used, it can provide low oxygen and low PH.
  • Whether having an under gravel filter or not, air bubbles aid to maneuver the tank water vertically on the way to the surface, aiding with oxygen and other gas exchanges.
  • They are an affordable way to move the tank water vertically.
  • They do develop a wall of bubbles that can look pretty cool in the aquarium, plus watching them can be quite soothing.

Air stones can be made of ceramic, glass, or getting more in fashion, wood. Wood stones can be easily made at home with different kinds of woods that are attainable, however the most typical wood used is lime wood. This kind of air stone must be perfect for air driven protein skimmers, and they are reasonably priced to produce. These air stones are also available on the market.

Ok, so air stones do have some positive aspects, however are there any down sides with their use? Of course!

  • They usually are not as reliable as power heads, water pumps, and/or protein skimmers are in making water movements within the aquarium. Most of these are far better at helping with oxygen and also other gas exchanges at the water’s surface.
  • They do not move water swiftly enough or in adequate volume for what a tank normally needs for good at all times, vertical and horizontal, water flow. This condition can also contribute to a low or too little GPH (gallon per hour) tank water turnover time.
  • They generate a lot of salt spray that in turn contributes to salt creep issues.
  • They clog up.
  • They tire out very quickly, in most cases need replacement.
  • They can result in irregular air flow.
  • Air line hoses can get pinched or kinked, which often weakens or cuts off the air flow.
  • More often than not the air pump chosen to work air stones is inadequate, contributing to low air flow pressure.
  • Some air flow pressure is dropped the longer the distance the air has to travel through the clear tubing from the air pump to the air stones.
  • The deeper the fish tank water, the farther the air has to be pushed downhill to reach the air stones, resulting in shortage of air flow pressure.

Now that you have known all the benefits of air stones as well as some of its negative sides, you will be able to set up your aquarium completely. Kids can participate in this one of a kind hobby and might have their own fish tank if they want. You can check the coolest designs and latest models of kids aquariums at KidsAquariums.com that will definitely suit your child’s taste.


Fish Aquariums Maintenance

Fish keeping is enticing not to mention full of fun and lesser commitments than any pet animals. The majority of your accountability as a fish owner falls in the category of water maintenance. Keep in mind the water you put inside the fish’s tank is the human equivalent of the air they take. Just like inhaling and exhaling air filled with smog and smoke is unpleasant, water that is poor in quality can make fish’s ill, miserable and perhaps even die early. Its quality of life is completely determined by the standard of water in their tank, therefore a number of essential things you’ll need to do to provide your fish a first class home ecosystem.

Sustaining the Water Quality

  • Check the pH levels daily– Weekly evaluation of pH levels of the water is very important to the overall health of the marine life. You should also have a master test kit to check on readings of ammonia, nitrates and nitrites of water aquarium.
  • Do not overfeed – Avoid giving food more than they can take. Observe the amount of food they consume every day and soon you can estimate their daily food requirement to avoid overfeeding.  Waste foods from uneaten meal affects the water quality, only give whatever they can take within five minutes and after wards get a net to take the leftovers.
  • Good Bacteria – Though providing clean water is essential, there are actually helpful bacteria that actually work to scrub waste and in case you dispose all old water, wash all the decors and substrate, you kill every one of these beneficial organisms. Hence the key in fish tank maintenance requires only partial cleaning of the water to permit bacteria to grow and survive other than start all over again in every cleaning.

Weekly Clean-ups

  • Water Replacement- Every week, change approximately around a quarter or perhaps less of the water by simply siphoning it out of the tank, then changing it with new water which has been allowed to sit for at least 24 hours to allow chlorine to escape or until it has been taken care of with a conditioner. Water kept laying at least a week is suitable but 24 hours needs to be the minimum. This process is known as conditioning or cycling your water. Bear in mind the fresh water ought to be exactly the same temperature as what’s in the tank or you will distress the fish.

  • Clean the gravel and ornaments- While you are undertaking the partial water removal, also clean up 25 percent of the gravel or substrate in your own fish tank by using a gravel vacuum. Basically clean off a few of the accessories if it is becoming mucky from handful of algae but NEVER utilize any variety of soap or cleaning merchandise on it, fish are highly susceptible to chemicals.
  • Filter Cleaning- To ensure water to stay clean, filters have to be rinsed and taken care of at the same time. However, choose a specific time other than during a water replacement to deal with your filter systems to lessen the effect on the tank bacteria and the fish.

Algae Growth- Keep it at Bay

Although algae is a sign that your water is at prime state to hold marine life, keeping your tank filled with it restraints visibility, removing one of the significant delights of fish keeping in the first place. Keep algae growth manageable by scrubbing up algae from the sides of tank before water changes, maintaining filters thoroughly clean and not permitting direct sunlight to reach the fish tank (this also can make temperature alter) which helps make an alga grow in number. Acquiring plant life inside an aquarium also combats algae development as plants take in the same nutrients algae needed to grow.

Observing Your Fish

Sometimes it is hard to discern from water assessments if there is something wrong with the condition of your aquariums, but the behavior of the fish is definitely a clear sign of problems.

You van log in to KidsAquariums.com to see a variety of designs of kids fish tanks.

Cleaning an Aquarium: Making it a habit

Keeping your fish tank tidy is one of the most significant aspects of owning an aquarium. In the event that the water is grubby, not simply your fish tank look awful, but your fish are more likely to be unhealthy.

Every day Clean-up Habit

To keep you fish tank tidy, there can be a number of activities you need to do every day. To begin with, look into the temperature of your tank every single day. When you’re keeping tropical freshwater fish the temperature should be around 77 degrees. If the temperature is way too high, your aquarium will flourish plankton. You also have to examine the fish tank on a daily basis for unwell or dead fish. When they are not taken away from the tank they will affect the other mates. Lastly, make certain the tank’s air pump is functioning correctly.

Each week Clean-up Habit

Every week you have to get rid of waste from the top of gravel employing a siphon tube, which works just like a vacuum cleaner. Change the water that you just remove within this course of action. Make sure you condition the water to remove any chlorine. In addition, look into the ammonia and nitrate rates, as well as the pH to your tank’s water. If you’re nurturing live plants, tend to them each week. Slash them back if they’re becoming too large, and take away virtually any dead or ill leaves. Re-anchor new seedlings into your gravel. In addition, look at your tank for snails. You could get rid of snails by floating a chunk of lettuce leaf inside the tank. The snails will likely be attracted to the lettuce, and you can take them off with a net.

Every month Clean-up Habit

Lastly, there are certainly monthly things you can do to make sure you’ve got a clean aquarium. Each month carry out a partial water replacement. Take out about a quarter of your water by making use of your siphon hose. The following eliminates waste and water simultaneously. Make sure you condition the water before filling new water towards the aquarium, as chlorine and also other water chemical can kill your pet.

Every month it is advisable to clean your filter. In case your filter contains a filter cartridge, change this every month. You do not want to clean the filter too vigorously, since the filter collects helpful bacteria that help with biological filtration. You do not want to wash it so much and take away these bacteria. Lastly, each month you really need to clean the algae out of the top of the tank employing an especially made algae scraper. You may observe a serious accumulation of algae each month; consider purchasing algae eater, and look at your heater. If none of these options help, consider on always keeping the light off inside your tank till the situation solves. If proven not successful, replace your thermometer. Most likely the temperature is not appropriate.

Maintaining your tank clean on a daily, weekly, and monthly basis will ensure your fish to be contented and in good shape. You can guarantee that you develop an aquarium that you will be proud of showing and bragging it to your close friends and associates. Ignoring on clean out your tank will result on fish getting sick and die hopelessly.

If you are interested to get your child his own fish tank, aquariums for kids are out already in the market. See sample at KidsAquariums.com

Fish and Kids

Kids love to play with fish. Here are some of the evidences that show how they enjoy fish as pets.


kids love to explore the underwater world


a big catch!


feed the fish kid, don’t feed yourself!


just plain sight seeing


very clear fish pond


dive and feed the fish!


what kind of fish art thou?


are we playing hide and seek here?


kiss me fish!


lovely water world


playing with fishes

this isn’t a good catch!


fishy boat!


feeding fish in a public pond


a fish on my head!


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Fish vs. Bird


  • Catching two fishes in one dive.


  • just got out from water with my food


  • The fish is trying to escape from the bird.
  • A big catch!
  • Under the predator’s wings.




Take me away…

  • Don’t worry, it’s just you and me here.

  • Perfect shot!

  • I dive for you, coz you dive me crazy!

  • Thank you God for my food, this isn’t a crime.

shut up fish! no one will hear you screaming here! so just shut up!

  • The fish is trying to fight back.

  • Bird on its acrobatic stunts just to get the fish.

  • Look closely, is the fish feeding the bird by itself?

  • Helpless little fish


  • For breakfast, lunch and dinner. Perfect!



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A Fish’s Bowl Is His Castle

Hamish, the fish, lived in a round fishbowl made of beautiful, clear, crystal. It was always sparkling clean. Inside the bowl was a gray, stone castle. It had a drawbridge, several windows, and if you looked real close, you could see gargoyles on the castle walls. Next to the castle was a rather large stone. It was brown with little silvery speckles in it. Some blue-marbled pebbles lined the bottom of the bowl and the castle stood on them.

Hamish loved his fish bowl. He was happy swimming around in it, going through the front door of the castle and coming out the back. He loved swirling around and around the large stone. Sometimes he’d swim up and put his face right up to the glass to look out and see what was going on around him. The curved bowl made his eyes look huge and googley.

Christmas was coming soon. Hamish could tell. Across from his bowl stood a tree, decorated from top to bottom with red, gold and green ornaments. He could see the reflection of his bowl in a gold one. Once he wiggled his tail back and forth and saw it in the ornament. He blew bubbles and laughed. Hamish wanted to put Christmas decorations in his castle.

One day, when nobody was in the house, Hamish took a big mouthful of water. He swam over to the edge of his bowl and used his fins to lean against it. He spit the water at one of the ornaments on the big tree. The red ornament fell off the branch and landed right in his glass bowl. Slowly, it sank to the bottom. Hamish smiled.

Using his fins, he rolled the ornament into the castle. It took up a lot of space, but Hamish didn’t mind. He swam around the red glass ball, looking at his reflection. He had so much fun with it that he wanted another one.

He swam over to the edge of the glass bowl and gulped a mouthful of water. He spit at the tree and knocked a green ornament off the branch. It tumbled into his bowl and sank slowly to the bottom. Hamish pushed it into his castle, using his tail. Now it was very crowded in there. He didn’t have enough room to swim in and out of the arched doorway anymore, but he had so much fun looking at himself in the glass balls that he didn’t care.

One more, thought Hamish. He wanted one more ornament. He filled his mouth with water, swam over to the side of his bowl, pulled himself up with his fins and spit the water at a gold ornament. It fell from the branch and landed with a soft plop, right in his bowl. It filled with water and sank to the bottom. Hamish looked at the gold ball. There was no more room in his castle. He would have to leave it sitting on the blue-marbled pebbles.

The crystal fishbowl was crowded. He didn’t have room to swim at all anymore. He had to stay in one place all the time, right next to the large stone. After a while, Hamish tired of looking at his face, fin, and tail’s reflections in the balls. He wanted them out of his fishbowl. He didn’t want to have any Christmas decorates in there any longer.

He tried to lift the gold ball up, but it was full of water and wouldn’t budge. He tried to push the green ball out of the castle, but the gold ball was in the way and it wouldn’t move either. Hamish didn’t know what to do. All he wanted was his castle back the way it was, empty and clear, so he could swim around like he used to.

Later that day, the little girl who lived in the house came to look at the Christmas tree. Since Hamish’s bowl was so crystal clear, she was able to see inside of it. “How did those ornaments get in there?” she wondered. She stuck her hand in the bowl and pulled out the gold ball. She dumped the water out of it and put it back on the tree. Hamish was happier. He swam around in the bowl. Next, she reached in and lifted the castle out of the water. The two ornaments were still inside of it. The girl dumped the water out and pulled the red ball and green ball from the castle. She then put it back in the fishbowl.

At last Hamish’s bowl was like it used to be. He swam inside the castle and out the other side. He did this over and over again. He swam around the large stone and blew lots of happy bubbles. From then on, Hamish was content to admire the colorful ornaments from inside his bowl and leave them on the tree where they belonged.

Children’s Stories
by Margo Fallis

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This is a story of a Fish!

PERHAPS you think that fishes were always fishes, and never lived anywhere except in the water, but if you went to Australia and talked to the black people in the sandy desert in the centre of the country, you would learn something quite different. They would tell you that long, long ago you would have met fishes on the land, wandering from place to place, and hunting all sorts of animals, and if you consider how fishes are made, you will understand how difficult this must have been and how clever they were to do it. Indeed, so clever were they that they might have been hunting still if a terrible thing had not happened.

One day the whole fish tribe came back very tired from a hunting expedition, and looked about for a nice cool spot in which to pitch their camp. It was very hot, and they thought that they could not find a more comfortable place than under the branches of a large tree which grew by the bank of a river. So they made their fire to cook some food, right on the edge of a steep bank, which had a deep pool of water lying beneath it at the bottom. While the food was cooking they all stretched themselves lazily out under the tree, and were just dropping off to sleep when a big black cloud which they had never noticed spread over the sun, and heavy drops of rain began to fall, so that the fire was almost put out, and that, you know, is a very serious thing in savage countries where they have no matches, for it is very hard to light it again. To make matters worse, an icy wind began to blow, and the poor fishes were chilled right through their bodies.

“This will never do,” said Thuggai, the oldest of all the fish tribe. “We shall die of cold unless we can light the fire again,” and he bade his sons rub two sticks together in the hope of kindling a flame, but though they rubbed till they were tired, not a spark could they produce.

“Let me try,” cried Biernuga, the bony fish, but he had no better luck, and no more had Kumbal, the bream, nor any of the rest.

“It is no use,” exclaimed Thuggai, at last. “The wood is too wet. We must just sit and wait till the sun ,comes out again and dries it.’ Then a very little fish indeed, not more than four inches long and the youngest of the tribe, bowed himself before Thuggai, saying,

“Ask my father, Guddhu the cod, to light the fire. He is skilled in magic more than most fishes.’ So Thuggai asked him, and Guddhu stripped some pieces of bark off a tree, and placed them on top of the smouldering ashes. Then he knelt by the side of the fire and blew at it for a long while, till slowly the feeble red glow became a little stronger and the edges of the bark showed signs of curling up. When the rest of the tribe saw this they pressed close, keeping their backs towards the piercing wind, but Guddhu told them they must go to the other side, as he wanted the wind to fan his fire. By and by the spark grew into a flame, and a merry crackling was heard.

“More wood,” cried Guddhu, and they all ran and gathered wood and heaped it on the flames, which leaped and roared and sputtered.

“We shall soon be warm now,” said the people one to another. “Truly Guddhu is great’; and they crowded round again, closer and closer. Suddenly, with a shriek, a blast of wind ,wept down from the hills and blew the fire out towards them. They sprang back hurriedly, quite forgetting where they stood, and all fell down the bank, each tumbling over the other, till they rolled into the pool that lay below. Oh, how cold it was in that dark water on which the sun never shone.

Then in an instant they felt warm again, for the fire, driven by the strong wind, had followed them right down to the bottom of the pool, where it burned as brightly as ever. And the fishes gathered round it as they had done on the top of the cliff, and found the flames as hot as before, and that fire never went out, like those upon land, but kept burning for ever. So now you know why, if you dive deep down below the cold surface of the water on a frosty day, you will find it comfortable and pleasant underneath, and be quite sorry that you cannot stay there.

Australian Folk Tale

(from The Lilac Fairy Book , by Andrew Lang)

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